MAROC-TUBSAT is the result of a cooperation of TU Berlin with CRTS (Centre Royal de Teledetection Spatial of Morocco). The cooperation was initiated by Karim Taha, a former student of Prof. Renner in 1995 who originates from Morocco. It is a microsatellite for earth observation and allows observation of any place in the world within 24h and can document events that change with time between 12h and 2 weeks. The camera has a focal length of 72mm and a field of view of about 8deg. Typical applications include ice movement, cartography or vegetation development.

The payload camera was developed in Morocco. The cooperation also included teaching Moroccan engineers satellite technology and design. On Dec. 10, 2001 the satellite was finally launched with the Zenit rocket from the Baikonur Cosmodrome into the sun-synchronous orbit with an altitude of 1000 km.

Flight Results: Hamburg Area, Germany

Flight Results: Greece


Small Satellites: Past, Present, and Future 

TUBSAT: The Technical University of Berlin Satellite Program 

Matthias Buhl 

The Aerospace Press, AIAA, Helvajian & Janson (Editors), 2008 (ISBN: 978-1-884989-22-3)


Flight Experience with the Micro Satellite Maroc-Tubsat 

S. Roemer, U. Renner

54th International Astronautical Congress of the International Astronautical Federation, Sep. 29-3, 2003, Bremen, Germany


TUBSAT-C, A Microsat Bus for Earth Observation Payloads 

P. Butz, U. Renner

3rd International Symposium, Small Satellites Systems and Services, June 1996, Annecy, France