University Library

Subject Classifications in the Physics Department Library

The collection areas of the Physics Departmental Library include in particular solid state physics, optics and astronomy. Its holdings include 33.000 media units and 29 current journals.

The monographs in the Physics Department Library are organized into 19 subject classifications. Within these subject classifications are subject categories, where items are arranged alphabetically by author or title.

Using our electronic version of local classifications, you can conduct a topic search in the Physics Department Library’s holdings online. A link to a filtered search in the Primo Knowledge Portal is provided for each subject category in the list. Click on a subject category (e.g. ALL 60) to be taken to the list of results for the respective category in the Primo Knowledge Portal. 

ALL General literature

ALL 10 Series, progress reports
ALL 20 Conference proceedings
ALL 40 Handbooks
ALL 60 Textbooks, guides
ALL 80 Encyclopedias, monolingual (excluding titles shelved under NACH)
ALL 120 Commemorative publications
ALL 140 Collected works of individual physicists
ALL 160 Biographies of physicists
ALL 170 History of physics
ALL 180 Philosophy and philosophical issues in physics
ALL 195 Collections of problems, formulas
ALL 200 Lessons and training, didactics of physics
ALL 220 Practical experiments
ALL 400 Metrology and scientific instruments, general
ALL 420 Measurement and error theory
ALL 500 Dimensional analysis, model theory
ALL 800 Popular physics
ALL 999 Other general literature on physics as a whole

MECH Mechanics


MECH 20 Conference proceedings
MECH 40 Handbooks
MECH 60 Textbooks, guides
MECH 92 Commemorative publications
MECH 95 Collections of problems, formulas
MECH 96 History of mechanics
MECH 100 Principles of mechanics
MECH 120 Mathematical methods of mechanics
MECH 200 Mechanical instruments and measurements methods
MECH 220 Vacuum apparatus and testing methods
MECH 240 Vacuum physics
MECH 260 High-pressure apparatus and testing methods
MECH 280 High-pressure physics
MECH 300 Mechanics of continua, general
MECH 320 Elasticity, fracture mechanics
MECH 340 Viscoelasticity, plasticity
MECH 360 Rheology
MECH 400 Mechanical waves and wave propagation
MECH 420 Mechanical vibrations, wave physics, general
MECH 430 Nonlinear vibrations
MECH 599 Other topics in mechanics


MECH 620 Conference proceedings
MECH 660 Handbooks, textbooks, guides
MECH 700 Acoustical instruments and methods
MECH 800 Ultrasound
MECH 999 Other topics in acoustics

HYDR Hydrodynamics

HYDR 10 Series, progress reports
HYDR 20 Conference proceedings
HYDR 40 Handbooks
HYDR 60 Textbooks, guides
HYDR 100 Hydrodynamical instruments and measurement methods
HYDR 200 Mathematical methods of hydrodynamics
HYDR 250 Hydrodynamical stability
HYDR 300 Laminar flows
HYDR 400 Turbulent flows
HYDR 500 Boundary layers
HYDR 600 Compressible flows
HYDR 700 Hydrodynamic waves
HYDR 800 Rarefied gas dynamics
HYDR 900 Magnetohydrodynamics, electrohydrodynamics
HYDR 999 Other topics restricted to hydrodynamics

THERM Thermodynamics and statistical physics


THERM 20 Conference proceedings
THERM 40 Handbooks
THERM 60 Textbooks, guides
THERM 95 Collections of problems, formulas
THERM 100 Thermal instruments and measurement methods, general
THERM 120 Cryogenics, refrigerators, low-temperature equipment
THERM 125 Low temperature physics
THERM 200 Thermodynamic functions and equations of state
THERM 260 Phase equilibrium, phase transitions, critical point phenomena
THERM 300 Thermal conduction
THERM 320 Radiative transfer
THERM 340  Individual thermal properties (here: heat capacity, inter alia)
THERM 400 Nonequilibrium and irreversible thermodynamics
THERM 499 Other topics in thermodynamics

Statistical thermodynamics, statistical mechanics

THERM 510 Series, progress reports
THERM 520 Conference proceedings
THERM 540 Handbooks
THERM 560 Textbooks, guides
THERM 595 Collections of problems, formulas
THERM 600 Kinetic theory
THERM 620 Transport theory, transport phenomena (here: diffusion processes, viscosity)
THERM 660 Fluctuation phenomena, Brownian motion
THERM 700 Quantum statistics
THERM 720 Fermion systems, electron gas
THERM 740 Boson systems
THERM 760 Many-particle systems
THERM 800 Lattice theory and statistics; Ising-lattice
THERM 900 Synergetics
THERM 999 Other topics in statistical physics

EM Electricity and magnetism

EM 20 Conference proceedings
EM 60 Textbooks, guides
EM 95 Collections of problems, formulas
EM 100 Electrical and magnetic instruments and measurement methods
EM 200 Electron beams, ion beams
EM 220 Electron optics, ion optics
EM 240 Electron microscopy, ion microscopy
EM 260 Field ion microscopy
EM 300 Electrostatics, magnetostatics
EM 350 Electrodynamics, Maxwell equations
EM 400 Plasma physics
EM 440 Electrical discharges
EM 500 Superconductivity
EM 600 Magnetism in general
EM 620 Diamagnetism, paramagnetism
EM 630 Ferromagnetics, ferrimagnetics, antiferromagnetics
EM 640 Magnetic resonances and relaxations, general
EM 650 Electron paramagnetic resonance and relaxation
EM 660 Nuclear magnetic resonance and relaxation
EM 700 Dielectric properties in general
EM 720 Piezoelectricity
EM 740 Ferroelectricity, antiferroelectricity
EM 800 Theory of electron transport, general
EM 820 Electrical transport in metals and alloys
EM 840 Electrical transport phenomena of semiconductors
EM 860 Photoconductivity and space charge effects
EM 999 Other topics in electricity and magnetism

OPT Optics


OPT 10 Series, progress reports
OPT 20 Conference proceedings
OPT 40 Handbooks
OPT 60 Textbooks, guides
OPT 80 Dictionaries, monolingual (excluding titles shelved under NACH)
OPT 94 Tables, data compilations (excluding titles shelved under NACH)
OPT 95 Collections of problems, formulas
OPT 100 Optical instruments and measurement methods, general
OPT 110 Photometers, photometry
OPT 130 Interferometers, interferometry
OPT 150 Optical microscopes, optical microscopy
OPT 190 Photography
OPT 199 Other optical instruments and measurement methods
OPT 200 Spectrometer, spectroscopy, general
OPT 210 Laser spectroscopy
OPT 220 Visible spectra
OPT 240 Ultraviolet spectra
OPT 260 Infrared spectra
OPT 280 X-rays, X-ray spectra
OPT 299 Other spectra
OPT 300 Geometrical optics
OPT 340 Wave optics
OPT 360 Diffraction, scattering, interference, absorption, reflection
OPT 400 Optical information, image forming and processing
OPT 450 Holography

Quantum optics, quantum electronics

OPT 510 Series, progress reports
OPT 520 Conference proceedings
OPT 540 Handbooks
OPT 560 Textbooks, guides
OPT 570 Masers
OPT 580 Nonlinear optics
OPT 599 Other topics in quantum optics and quantum electronics


OPT 610 Series, progress reports
OPT 620 Conference proceedings
OPT 640 Handbooks
OPT 660 Textbooks, guides
OPT 670 General laser theory
OPT 672 Gas lasers
OPT 674 Dye lasers
OPT 676 Solid state lasers, semiconductor lasers
OPT 678 Free-electron lasers
OPT 680 Laser optical systems
OPT 690 Laser applications
OPT 699 Other topics restricted to lasers
OPT 700 Optical elements (inter alia: lenses, fiber optics)
OPT 780 Integrated optics
OPT 800 Optical effects, general
OPT 820 Birefringence
OPT 840 Luminescence
OPT 860 Fluorescence, phosphorescence
OPT 880 Magneto-optical and electro-optical effects
OPT 899 Other optical effects
OPT 999 Other topics in optics

QUANT Quantum mechanics, quantum field theory

QUANT 20 Conference proceedings
QUANT 40 Handbooks
QUANT 60 Textbooks,guides
QUANT 95 Collection of problems, formulas
QUANT 96 History of quantum mechanics
QUANT 100 Quantum mechanics: algebraic methods
QUANT 200 Scattering theory
QUANT 300 Quantum theory of angular momentum
QUANT 400 Quantum field theory
QUANT 500 Quantum electrodynamics, radiation theory
QUANT 700 Quantum information
QUANT 999 Other topics in quantum mechanics and quantum field theory

REL Relativity and gravitation

REL 20 Conference proceedings
REL 60 Textbooks, guides
REL 95 Collection of problems, formulas
REL 96 History of relativity
REL 100 Special relativity
REL 200 General relativity
REL 300 Gravitation
REL 320 Gravitational waves and radiation
REL 340 Quantum gravity
REL 400 Unified field theories
REL 500 Experimental tests of general relativity
REL 999 Other topics in relativity and gravitation

PHKM Condensed matter

Physics of liquids

PHKM 10 Series, progress reports
PHKM 20 Conference proceedings
PHKM 60 Textbooks, guides
PHKM 120 Theory and models of liquid structure
PHKM 130 Quantum fluids, liquid helium
PHKM 140 Superfluidity
PHKM 150 Mechanical, thermal and other properties of liquids
PHKM 160 Liquid crystals
PHKM 199 Other topics in physics of liquids

Physics of solids
(conductors, semiconductors, isolators)

PHKM 210 Series, progress reports
PHKM 220 Conference proceedings
PHKM 240 Handbooks
PHKM 260 Textbooks, guides
PHKM 280 Dictionaries, monolingual (excluding titles shelved under NACH)
PHKM 295 Collections of problems and formulas
PHKM 299 Mathematical methods
PHKM 300 Studies of structures
PHKM 400 Amorphous and polymer solids
PHKM 420 Glasses
PHKM 500 Crystalline solids
PHKM 510 Physics of crystal growth
PHKM 512 Epitaxy
PHKM 515 Methods of crystal growth and purification
PHKM 520 Crystallography
PHKM 530 Crystal defects
PHKM 532 Interstitials, vacancies
PHKM 534 Color centers
PHKM 536 Dislocations, stacking faults
PHKM 537 Impurities in crystals
PHKM 538 Doping and impurity implantation
PHKM 539 Radiation damage, physical radiation effects
PHKM 540 Lattice dynamics (see also "THERM 100")
PHKM 542 Ising-theory (see also THERM 800)
PHKM 544 Phonons in crystal lattices
PHKM 546 Statistical mechanics of lattice vibrations (see also THERM 800)
PHKM 580 Solid helium and related quantum crystals
PHKM 600 Electronic states of condensed matter
PHKM 620 Electronic band structure
PHKM 640 Fermi surface
PHKM 700 Band structure and properties of semiconductors
PHKM 720 Element semiconductors
PHKM 740 III-V- and II-VI semiconductors
PHKM 760 Other crystalline inorganic semiconductors
PHKM 780 Organic semiconductors
PHKM 790 Other semiconductors
PHKM 800 Excitons, polaritons, polarons
PHKM 880 Collective effects
PHKM 900 Impact phenomena (including electron spectra and sputtering)
PHKM 910 Thermionic emission
PHKM 920 Photoemission and photoelectron spectra
PHKM 930 Field emission and ionization (see also EM 260)
PHKM 940 Exoelectron emission
PHKM 999 Other topics in condensed matter

DÜS Thin films, surfaces, interfaces

DÜS 5 Bibliographies, reference databases (except for titles shelved under NACH)
DÜS 10 Series, progress reports
DÜS 20 Conference proceedings
DÜS 40 Handbooks
DÜS 60 Textbooks, guides
DÜS 94 Tables, data compilations (excluding titles shelved under NACH)
DÜS 100 Structure and nonelectronic properties of thin films, surfaces and interfaces
DÜS 200 Film growth
DÜS 220 Methods of depositions of thin films
DÜS 240 Optical properties of thin films
DÜS 260 Electronic properties of thin films
DÜS 280 Magnetic ultrathin films
DÜS 300 Electronic structures of surfaces
DÜS 400 Electronic properties of interfaces
DÜS 500 Whiskers, dendrites
DÜS 999 Other topics in thin films, surfaces, interfaces

AMPH Atomic and molecular physics

AMPH 20 Conference proceedings
AMPH 40 Handbooks
AMPH 60 Textbooks, guides
AMPH 80 Dictionaries, monolingual (excluding titles shelved under NACH)
AMPH 94 Tables, data compilations (excluding titles shelved under NACH)
AMPH 96 History of atomic and molecular physics
AMPH 100 Instruments and measurement methods of atomic and molecular physics
AMPH 180 Mass spectrometer, mass spectrometry
AMPH 185 Isotope separation and enrichment
AMPH 199 Other experimental methods in atomic and molecular physics
AMPH 200 Electronic structure of atoms and molecules in general
AMPH 220 Isotope effects, hyperfine interactions
AMPH 240 Relativistic corrections, fine and hyperfine structure
AMPH 300 Atomic and molecular spectra in general
AMPH 320 Zeeman and Stark effects
AMPH 340 Auger effect
AMPH 360 Mössbauer effect, Mössbauer spectra
AMPH 380 Raman effect, Raman spectra
AMPH 400 Atomic and molecular collision processes
AMPH 500 Ion physics
AMPH 600 Interatomic and intermolecular potentials and forces
AMPH 999 Other topics in atomic and molecular physics

KPH Nuclear physics

KPH 10 Series, progress reports
KPH 20 Conference proceedings
KPH 40 Handbooks
KPH 60 Textbooks, guides
KPH 94 Tables, data compilations (excluding titles shelved under NACH)
KPH 95 Collection of problems, formulas
KPH 100 Instruments and measurement methods of elementary particles and nuclear physics
KPH 110 Particle accelerators, general
KPH 112 Electrostatic and linear accelerators
KPH 115 Cyclic accelerators
KPH 117 Storage rings
KPH 119 Other accelerators
KPH 130 Particle sources and targets
KPH 140 Charged-particle spectrometers and spectroscopic techniques
KPH 145 Neutron spectroscopy
KPH 150 Radiation detectors
KPH 152 Ionization chambers, cloud chambers, bubble chambers, spark chambers
KPH 154 Scintillation detectors
KPH 155 Solid-state detectors
KPH 159 Other radiation detectors
KPH 160 Dosimetry of nuclear radiation (see also “radiation monitoring” shelved under TECH 380)
KPH 170 Electronics for elementary-particle and nuclear physics experimental methods and instrumentation
KPH 180 Data analysis techniques in nuclear physics
KPH 199 Other topics in elementary-particle and nuclear physics experimental methods and instrumentation
KPH 200 Nuclear structure, general
KPH 220 Spin, parity, isospin
KPH 240 Electromagnetic moments
KPH 299 Other topics in nuclear structure
KPH 300 Nuclear forces, general
KPH 320 Meson theory of nuclear forces
KPH 399 Other topics in nuclear forces
KPH 400 Nuclear-structure models, general
KPH 420 Shell model
KPH 440 Optical model
KPH 460 Collective models
KPH 480 Cluster models
KPH 499 Other nuclear-structure models
KPH 500 Radioactive decay
KPH 520 α decay, α rays
KPH 540 β decay, β rays
KPH 560 γ transitions, γ rays
KPH 599 Other topics in radioactive decay
KPH 600 Nuclear reactions and scattering in general and models
KPH 620 Resonance reactions and scattering
KPH 699 Other topics in nuclear reactions and scattering
KPH 700 Nuclear reactions and scattering in specific reactions
KPH 720 Photonuclear reactions and scattering
KPH 730 Lepton-induced reactions and scattering
KPH 740 Nucleon-induced reactions and scattering
KPH 750 Heavy-ion induced reactions and scattering
KPH 770 Fission reactions
KPH 780 Fusion reactions
KPH 999  Other topics in nuclear physics

ELPH Physics of elementary particles and fields

ELPH 10 Series, progress reports
ELPH 20 Conference proceedings
ELPH 60 Textbooks, guides
ELPH 95 Collections of problems, formulas
ELPH 100 General field theory
ELPH 120 Classical field theory
ELPH 140 Gauge field theories
ELPH 199 Other field theories
ELPH 200 Scattering theory, general
ELPH 220 S-matrix theory
ELPH 250 Relativistic scattering theory
ELPH 299 Other scattering theories
ELPH 300 Symmetry and conservation laws
ELPH 350 Supersymmetry
ELPH 380 Complex angular momentum, Regge formalism
ELPH 399 Other symmetries and conservation laws
ELPH 400 Interactions, general
ELPH 420 Weak interactions
ELPH 440 Strong interactions
ELPH 500 Hadrons
ELPH 520 Baryons (protons, neutrons)
ELPH 540 Hyperons
ELPH 560 Mesons
ELPH 600 Leptons
ELPH 620 Electrons and positrons
ELPH 640 Muons
ELPH 660 Neutrinos
ELPH 680 Photons
ELPH 699 Other particles
ELPH 700 Hypothetical particles, general
ELPH 720 Quarks
ELPH 740 Z bosons
ELPH 800 Specific reactions in particle physics
ELPH 820 Neutron diffraction
ELPH 830 Neutron absorption
ELPH 899 Other interactions with elementary particles
ELPH 999 Other topics in the physics of elementary particles and fields

MATH Mathematics

General information

MATH 10 Series, progress reports
MATH 20 Conference proceedings
MATH 40 Handbooks
MATH 60 Textbooks, guides
MATH 93 Collected works of individual mathematicians
MATH 95 Collections of problems, formulas
MATH 96 History of mathematics


MATH 110 Logic
MATH 120 Set theory
MATH 130 Combinatorics and graph theory
MATH 140 Abstract algebra
MATH 150 Linear algebra, matrix theory
MATH 160 Group theory
MATH 170 Number theory
MATH 199  Other topics in algebra


MATH 205 Real analysis
MATH 210 Functional analysis
MATH 215 Calculus
MATH 220 Potential theory
MATH 225 Particular functions
MATH 230 Ordinary and partial differential equations
MATH 235 Fourier analysis 
MATH 240 Integral transforms, operational mathematics
MATH 245 Integral equations
MATH 250 Functional analysis
MATH 255 Operator theory
MATH 260 Calculus of variations
MATH 299 Other topics in analysis


MATH 300 Geometry
MATH 310 Euclidean geometry
MATH 320 Non-Euclidean geometry
MATH 330 Projective geometry
MATH 340 Analytic geometry
MATH 350 Vector and tensor analysis
MATH 360 Differential geometry
MATH 370 Topology
MATH 399 Other topics in geometry

Probability theory, statistics

MATH 400 Probability theory and statistics
MATH 410 Probability theory
MATH 420 Stochastic processes
MATH 430 Markov processes
MATH 440 Mathematical statistics
MATH 499 Other topics in probability theory and statistics

Numerical methods

MATH 510 Numerical methods, general
MATH 520 Numerical simulation (here: Monte Carlo methods)
MATH 530 Numerical differentiation and integration
MATH 599 Other topics in numerical methods


MATH 610 Computing, general
MATH 620 Programming languages, programs
MATH 630 Application of computing in individual subjects
MATH 699 Other topics in computing

Cybernetics, control theory

MATH 710 Cybernetics, control theory, general
MATH 799 Specific aspects of cybernetics and control theory


MATH 999 Other topics in mathematics

ASTR Astronomy, astrophysics

General information

ASTR 5 Bibliographies, abstract journals (except for titles shelved under NACH)
ASTR 10 Series, progress reports
ASTR 20 Conference proceedings
ASTR 40 Handbooks
ASTR 60 Textbooks, guides
ASTR 94 Tables, data compilations (excluding titles shelved under NACH)
ASTR 96 History of astronomy and astrophysics, general
ASTR 97 Special fields in historical astronomy and astrophysics
ASTR 98 Celestial mechanics
ASTR 100 Instrumentation, techniques and astronomical observations
ASTR 150 Satellites
ASTR 199 Space research instrumentation in astronomy

Solar system

ASTR 260 Handbooks, textbooks, guides
ASTR 300 Planets and moons, asteroids
ASTR 320 Comets, meteors
ASTR 340 Interplanetary space
ASTR 360 Solar physics
ASTR 399 Other topics on the solar system


ASTR 460 Handbooks, textbooks, guides
ASTR 500 Novae, supernovae, pulsars, quasars, black holes
ASTR 599 Other topics on stars

Stellar systems

ASTR 660 Handbooks, textbooks, guides
ASTR 700 Milky way galaxy
ASTR 740 Extragalactic objects and systems
ASTR 799 Other topics on stellar systems

The universe: cosmology, astrophysics

ASTR 860 Handbooks, textbooks, guides
ASTR 899 Special fields of cosmology and astrophysics


ASTR 999 Other topics in astronomy and astrophysics

CHEM Chemistry, physical chemistry

CHEM 40 Handbooks
CHEM 60 Textbooks, guides
CHEM 94 Tables, data compilations (excluding titles shelved under NACH)
CHEM 100 Inorganic chemistry
CHEM 200 Organic chemistry
CHEM 300 Physical chemistry
CHEM 320 Electrochemistry
CHEM 340 Photochemistry
CHEM 360 Radiochemistry
CHEM 400 Chemical thermodynamics
CHEM 999 Other topics in chemistry and physical chemistry

TECH Technology

Electrical engineering, electronics

TECH 60 Handbooks, textbooks, guides
TECH 100 Electron tubes
TECH 120 Electronics, general
TECH 140 Semiconductor devices
TECH 160 Superconducting devices
TECH 170 Electronic circuits; integrated electronics
TECH 180 Photoelectric and optoelectronic devices
TECH 199 Other topics in electrical engineering and electronics

Nuclear technology

TECH 260 Handbooks, textbooks, guides
TECH 300 Nuclear fission and fusion reactors
TECH 380 Radiation monitoring
TECH 399 Other topics in nuclear technology

Energy technology

TECH 460 Handbooks, textbooks, guides
TECH 500 Energy sources and usability
TECH 520 Energy conversion, general
TECH 540 Photovoltaic energy generation (here: solar cells, solar energy)
TECH 560 Thermal energy conversion (here: thermal engines, heat pumps)
TECH 580 Energy storage
TECH 599 Other topics in energy technology

Other topics in technology

TECH 999 Other technical subjects

VER Miscellaneous

Environmental science and technology

VER 60 Handbooks, textbooks, guides
VER 99 Specific aspects of environmental science and technology

Biophysics, medical physics

VER 160 Handbooks, textbooks, guides
VER 220 Physiological and psychological optics
VER 240 Physiological and psychological acoustics
VER 260 Medical and biological applications of fields, radiation, and radioactivity
VER 299 Other topics in biophysics and medical physics


VER 360 Handbooks, textbooks, guides
VER 399 Special fields of geophysics

Cosmic rays

VER 460 Handbooks, textbooks, guides
VER 499 Special fields of cosmic rays

Metal physics

VER 560 Handbooks, textbooks, introductions
VER 599 Specific aspects of metal physics

Other topics

VER 800 Scientific writing and presentation
VER 999 Other topics

NACH Reference Collection

Bibliographies, abstract journals

NACH 10 Physics
NACH 20 Mechanics
NACH 25 Hydrodynamics
NACH 35 Electricity and magnetism
NACH 40 Optics
NACH 55 Condensed matter
NACH 60 Thin films, surfaces, interfaces
NACH 65 Atomic and molecular physics
NACH 75 Physics of elementary particles and fields
NACH 80 Astronomy, astrophysics
NACH 99 Other subjects

Encyclopedias (monolingual)

NACH 110 General encyclopedias
NACH 113 Encyclopedias of scientific and technical terms
NACH 150 Encyclopedias of physical sciences
NACH 170 Encyclopedias of mathematics
NACH 199 Encyclopedias of other subjects

Dictionaries (bilingual, multilingual)

NACH 210 General dictionaries
NACH 230 Dictionaries of science and technology
NACH 250 Dictionaries of physical sciences
NACH 270 Dictionaries of mathematics
NACH 299 Dictionaries of other subjects

Tables, data compilations

NACH 310 Physics
NACH 330 Thermodynamics and statistical physics
NACH 335 Electricity and magnetism
NACH 340 Optics
NACH 345 Quantum mechanics, quantum field theory
NACH 350 Relativity and gravitation
NACH 355 Condensed matter
NACH 365 Atomic and molecular physics
NACH 370 Nuclear physics
NACH 375 Physics of elementary particles and fields
NACH 380 Astronomy, astrophysics
NACH 385 Mathematics
NACH 390 Chemistry, physical chemistry
NACH 395 Technology
NACH 399 Other subjects

Other reference books

NACH 400 Directories of addresses and who’s who
NACH 999 Other reference books

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