Neural Information Processing

Potential Topics

Automatic passenger counting (APC) systems are crucial as they provide accurate data for planning and operations, enable demand analysis and route optimization, contribute to fare collection and revenue management and assist in performance monitoring and service quality evaluation. We have recently developed an automatic passenger counting system based on a neural network (NAPC) that is using data from special 3D counting sensors (APC sensors). These are mounted above the door area and view the boarding area from above. Such APC sensors are costly to purchase and maintain and are therefore typically not installed in every vehicle, but only in a part of the total fleet (e.g. 30% at BVG). In order to achieve a higher equipment rate in vehicle fleets, we aim to develop a new NAPC using surveillance cameras such as CCTV that are already installed for security purposes in most public transportation systems. As a part of our project, the task is to develop an NAPC based on 2D video data, where a U-Net or Feature Pyramid Networks is used for extracting important information, such as depth information. Requirement: good programing skills in Pytorch or tensorflowDr. Sambu Seo
Exploring Biologically inspired features for sound event detection in difficult Polyphonic acoustic scenesAdeoluwawale Adewusi
Exploring Blind source separation for Sound Event Detection in Moving Acoustic scenesAdeoluwawale Adewusi
Understanding Semantic Segmentation of Sound Events in Binaural Auditory ScenesAdeoluwawale Adewusi
Semi-Supervised and Data Augmentation Schemes for Polyphonic Sound event detection in Reverberant Binaural auditory scenesAdeoluwawale Adewusi
Training Neural Networks with evolutionary methods instead of back propagation (MSc)
The standard way for training Neural Networks (NN) is by calculating the gradient of the NN function with respect to the weights/parameters and move along its direction. This method is dominant, mainly due to the fact that the gradient is computationally cheap to calculate. However alternative methods exist. One of this method is the evolutionary approach or gradient free optimization (depending on the community). In this method, one randomly samples various points around the current value of the parameters, and picks a weighted mean of this points as the new point. The advantage of this approach is that it can escape local minima, and that can be applied to cases where the error functions are not differentiable. The goal of the student is to compare these methods in various toy problems.
Dr. Vaios Laschos
Comparing different approaches for creating templates out of brain MRIs (MSc)
In MRI studies, it is common to create various templates out of the different groups, before one makes the analysis. These templates are some form of averages, which can be used either as a baseline, or as the objects to be compared between groups. The last decade, a method for calculating averages of images has been developed using either the Wasserstein or the Hellinger-Kantorovich distance. Therefore this method can also be applied for MRIs to create templates. The purpose of this thesis is the comparison of traditional methods for creating templates with these newer approaches.
Dr. Vaios Laschos
Training Neural networks that capture the Wasserstein and Hellinger-Kantorovich distance (MSc)
The purpose of this project is the training of Neural networks that capture the Wasserstein Metric for a specific dataset (MRI or MNIST images). The NNs will be then analyzed and possibly applied to other projects.
Dr. Vaios Laschos
Computational modeling of separable resonant circuits controlled by different interneuron types (Computational Neuroscience, Biophysically Detailed Modeling) Christoph Metzner
Meta-analysis of cellular-level inhibitory interneuron abnormalities in schizophrenia (Computational Neuroscience, Neural Data Analysis) Dr. Christoph Metzner
EEG: measurements, data analysis, study design
In our EEG-lab, we offer a variety of EEG (Electroenzephalogram) related topics like (but not limited to)

Realtime synchronization of data:
Using realtime capable equioment (CRIO, NI), incoming measurement data (digital, packeted, UDP) should be "tagged" with absolute timestamps (when the data was collected, not when it arrived), using a reference signal by means of a phase-locked-loop (PLL). After registration the EEG signals should be analyzed (basic methods but implemented in strict RT on an FPGA). Folowing this analysis, the next null-crossing of a likewise extracted stable oscillation should be estimated, send to EEG system and recorded along with the live EEG to check for consistancy. At least good knowledge of "LabView" required.

When measuring EEG, neuronal mass signals are collected at sensors (electrodes) which are subsequently used to deduct brain function. However, in many cases, such analysis of signal levels is highly misleading due to the volume conductance of the human head. The electric signals travel through the partly (skull, white matter) highly anisotropic human head, such that a high amplitude at some sensor does not nescessarily has its origin directly below it. The projection from source to sensors can be described by the so called leadfield matrix using estimates. To reconstruct the signal sources, this matrix has to be inverted which leads to a highly ill-posed problem. Some basic knowledge about electric signals and good math skills would be helpfull for a thesis in this field. EEG studies: possible upon consultation as well as other EEG-related topics
Dr. Michael Scholz