Urban Climatology

Lead and contact person

Intense precipitation, storms, heat waves, dry periods and episodes of increased air pollution cause significant health impacts, including loss of life and economic damage in large cities and urban regions. Due to the concentration of population as well as the modifications of atmospheric processes caused by urban structures, the need for further action is therefore particularly high. When studying the environmental conditions of neighborhoods within large cities, it is essential to consider various atmospheric processes occurring at different spatial and temporal scales, weather patterns, climatic conditions, and the long-distance transport of air pollution. In addition, global atmospheric circulation, climate variability, and climate change also affect the urban atmosphere.


Fred Meier

Office AB 3



Schmitz, Seán; Villena, Guillermo; Caseiro, Alexandre; Meier, Fred; Kerschbaumer, Andreas; Schneidemesser, Erika
Calibrating low-cost sensors to measure vertical and horizontal gradients of NO2 and O3 pollution in three street canyons in Berlin
Atmospheric Environment, 307 :119830
May 2023
ISSN: 1352-2310


Schatke, Mona; Meier, Fred; Schröder, Boris; Weber, Stephan
Impact of the 2020 COVID-19 lockdown on NO2 and PM10 concentrations in Berlin, Germany
Atmospheric Environment, 290 :119372
December 2022
ISSN: 13522310
Straaten, Agnes; Meier, Fred; Scherer, Dieter; Weber, Stephan
Significant reduction of ultrafine particle emission fluxes to the urban atmosphere during the COVID-19 lockdown
Science of The Total Environment, 838 :156516
September 2022
ISSN: 00489697
Meyer, Lukas; Gubler, Moritz; Meier, Fred; Brönnimann, Stefan
Intercomparison and combination of low-cost urban air temperature measurement approaches
Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 31 (2) :131–148
June 2022
ISSN: 0941-2948
Schneider, Christoph; Neuwirth, Burkhard; Schneider, Sebastian; Balanzategui, Daniel; Elsholz, Stefanie; Fenner, Daniel; Meier, Fred; Heinrich, Ingo
Using the dendro-climatological signal of urban trees as a measure of urbanization and urban heat island
Urban Ecosystems, 25 (3) :849–865
June 2022
ISSN: 1083-8155, 1573-1642
Jongen, H. J.; Steeneveld, G. J.; Beringer, J.; Christen, A.; Chrysoulakis, N.; Fortuniak, K.; Hong, J.; Hong, J. W.; Jacobs, C. M. J.; Järvi, L.; Meier, F.; Pawlak, W.; Roth, M.; Theeuwes, N. E.; Velasco, E.; Vogt, R.; Teuling, A. J.
Urban Water Storage Capacity Inferred From Observed Evapotranspiration Recession
Geophysical Research Letters, 49 (3)
February 2022
ISSN: 0094-8276, 1944-8007
Brousse, O; Simpson, C; Walker, N; Fenner, D; Meier, F; Taylor, J; Heaviside, C
Evidence of horizontal urban heat advection in London using six years of data from a citizen weather station network
Environmental Research Letters, 17 (4) :044041
Publisher: IOP Publishing
Rocha, Alby Duarte; Vulova, Stenka; Meier, Fred; Förster, Michael; Kleinschmit, Birgit
Mapping evapotranspirative and radiative cooling services in an urban environment
Sustainable Cities and Society, 85 :104051
ISSN: 22106707
Gillefalk, Mikael; Tetzlaff, Doerthe; Marx, Christian; Smith, Aaron; Meier, Fred; Hinkelmann, Reinhard; Soulsby, Chris
Estimates of water partitioning in complex urban landscapes with isotope‐aided ecohydrological modelling
Hydrological Processes, 36 (3)
ISSN: 0885-6087, 1099-1085


Schmitz, Seán; Towers, Sherry; Villena, Guillermo; Caseiro, Alexandre; Wegener, Robert; Klemp, Dieter; Langer, Ines; Meier, Fred; Schneidemesser, Erika
Unraveling a black box: An open-source methodology for the field calibration of small air quality sensors
Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 14 (11) :7221–7241
November 2021
Varentsov, Mikhail; Fenner, Daniel; Meier, Fred; Samsonov, Timofey; Demuzere, Matthias
Quantifying Local and Mesoscale Drivers of the Urban Heat Island of Moscow with Reference and Crowdsourced Observations
Frontiers in Environmental Science, 9 :716968
November 2021
ISSN: 2296-665X
Vulova, Stenka; Meier, Fred; Rocha, Alby Duarte; Quanz, Justus; Nouri, Hamideh; Kleinschmit, Birgit
Modeling urban evapotranspiration using remote sensing, flux footprints, and artificial intelligence
Science of The Total Environment, 786 :147293
September 2021
ISSN: 00489697
Gillefalk, Mikael; Tetzlaff, Dörthe; Hinkelmann, Reinhard; Kuhlemann, Lena-Marie; Smith, Aaron; Meier, Fred; Maneta, Marco P.; Soulsby, Chris
Quantifying the effects of urban green space on water partitioning and ages using an isotope-based ecohydrological model
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 25 (6) :3635–3652
June 2021
ISSN: 1607-7938
Straka, Tanja M.; Lippe, Moritz; Voigt, Christian C.; Gandy, Matthew; Kowarik, Ingo; Buchholz, Sascha
Light pollution impairs urban nocturnal pollinators but less so in areas with high tree cover
Science of The Total Environment, 778 :146244
ISSN: 0048-9697


Ulrich, Jana; Jurado, Oscar E.; Peter, Madlen; Scheibel, Marc; Rust, Henning W.
Estimating IDF Curves Consistently over Durations with Spatial Covariates
Water, 12 (11) :3119
November 2020
ISSN: 2073-4441
Jurado, Oscar E.; Ulrich, Jana; Scheibel, Marc; Rust, Henning W.
Evaluating the Performance of a Max-Stable Process for Estimating Intensity-Duration-Frequency Curves
Water, 12 (12) :3314
November 2020
ISSN: 2073-4441
Rost, Annemarie Tabea; Liste, Victoria; Seidel, Corinna; Matscheroth, Lea; Otto, Marco; Meier, Fred; Fenner, Daniel
How Cool Are Allotment Gardens? A Case Study of Nocturnal Air Temperature Differences in Berlin, Germany
Atmosphere, 11 (5) :500
Venter, Zander S.; Brousse, Oscar; Esau, Igor; Meier, Fred
Hyperlocal mapping of urban air temperature using remote sensing and crowdsourced weather data
Remote Sensing of Environment, 242 :111791
ISSN: 0034-4257
Jin, Luxi; Schubert, Sebastian; Fenner, Daniel; Meier, Fred; Schneider, Christoph
Integration of a Building Energy Model in an Urban Climate Model and its Application
Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 178 :249–281
ISSN: 0006-8314
Vulova, Stenka; Meier, Fred; Fenner, Daniel; Nouri, Hamideh; Kleinschmit, Birgit
Summer Nights in Berlin, Germany: Modeling Air Temperature Spatially With Remote Sensing, Crowdsourced Weather Data, and Machine Learning
IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 13 :5074–5087
ISSN: 1939-1404
Krug, Alexander; Fenner, Daniel; Mücke, Hans-Guido; Scherer, Dieter
The contribution of air temperature and ozone to mortality rates during hot weather episodes in eight German cities during the years 2000 and 2017
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 20 (11) :3083–3097


Verdonck, Marie-leen; Demuzere, Matthias; Bechtel, Benjamin; Beck, Christoph; Brousse, Oscar; Droste, Arjan; Fenner, Daniel; Leconte, François; Coillie, Frieke
The Human Influence Experiment (Part 2): Guidelines for Improved Mapping of Local Climate Zones Using a Supervised Classification
Urban Science, 3 (1) :27
Scherer, Dieter; Ament, Felix; Emeis, Stefan; Fehrenbach, Ute; Leitl, Bernd; Scherber, Katharina; Schneider, Christoph; Vogt, Ulrich
Three-Dimensional Observation of Atmospheric Processes in Cities
Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 28 (2) :121-138
Scherer, Dieter; Antretter, Florian; Bender, Steffen; Cortekar, Jörg; Emeis, Stefan; Fehrenbach, Ute; Gross, Günter; Halbig, Guido; Hasse, Jens; Maronga, Björn; Raasch, Siegfried; Scherber, Katharina
Urban Climate Under Change [UC]2 – A National Research Programme for Developing a Building-Resolving Atmospheric Model for Entire City Regions
Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 28 (2) :95-104
Li, Huidong; Zhou, Yuyu; Wang, Xun; Zhou, Xu; Zhang, Huiwen; Sodoudi, Sahar
Quantifying urban heat island intensity and its physical mechanism using WRF/UCM
The Science of the total environment, 650 (Pt 2) :3110–3119