South America

South America is a central focus of research in the field of climatology. In particular, the high mountain regions of the Andes with their complex topography and resulting climatic conditions form a spatial focus. Due to the problems of lack of infrastructure and difficult accessibility, which apply to many high mountain areas of the world, the application of remote sensing methods and numerical modeling to study the interaction of climatic boundary conditions on land cover are the focus of our research activities (e.g. high Andean wetlands).

Lead and contact person


Marco Otto

Areas of Investigation



Zander, Samira; Bendix, Jörg; Turini, Nazli; Schmidt, Benjamin; Ballari, Daniela; Bayas López, Steve Darwin; Celleri, Rolando; Delgado Maldonado, Byron; Orellana-Alvear, Johanna; Scherer, Dieter
The Spatio-Temporal Cloud Frequency Distribution in the Galapagos Archipelago as Seen from MODIS Cloud Mask Data
Atmosphere, 14 (8) :1225
July 2023
ISSN: 2073-4433


Otto, Marco; Gibbons, Richard E.
Potential Effects of Projected Decrease in Annual Rainfall on Spatial Distribution of High Andean Wetlands in Southern Peru
Wetlands, 37 (4) :647–659
ISSN: 0277-5212


Otto, M.; Scherer, Dieter; Richters, J.
Hydrological differentiation and spatial distribution of high altitude wetlands in a semi-arid Andean region derived from satellite data
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 15 (5) :1713-1727