The Urban Climate Observatory (UCO) Berlin is a long-term and open scientific institution. It serves the cross-scale research of the urban climate in Berlin and the surrounding area. Long-term observations of the urban atmosphere at different locations allow studies on the interactions of atmospheric processes and urban structure as well as on climate variability and climate change. The UCO Berlin serves integrative research on weather, climate and air quality in the city. The UCO Berlin comprises three components:
The Urban Climate Observation Network (UCON), including Citizen Weather Stations (CWS), is used for ground-level measurements of atmospheric variables.
The meteorological towers are used for the local recording of the turbulent exchange of carbon dioxide, heat and humidity, short and long-wave radiation and for phenological observations.
Ground-based remote sensing is used to study the urban boundary layer, in particular for measuring profiles of air temperature, humidity, aerosols, wind speed and wind direction as well as for recording clouds and precipitation.
The Urban Climate Observation Network (UCON) is used for the ground-level measurements of atmospheric variables (air temperature, relative humidity, air pressure, global radiation, wind, precipitation) in the urban canopy layer (UCL) at various locations in Berlin. Automatic weather stations (AWS) are used for this purpose. Since 2015, all freely available data from Netatmo weather stations in Berlin and the surrounding area have been systematically collected (crowdsourcing). This citizen weather station monitoring network provides data on air temperature, relative humidity, wind, precipitation and air pressure.