Health Care Management


Recruiting and retaining academically qualified nurses in German hospitals

Although the number of newly graduates from higher educational institutions has increased over the last decade in Germany, there remains a lack of clarity on what the job profiles or positions for these graduates with a Bachelor’s and Master’s degree in nursing should look like. Newly graduated BSN in Germany have several options. Hence, how to attract Bachelor and Master-level nurses to work in hospitals - directly with patients - and retaining them in clinical practice is therefore of high relevance for Germany, particularly in light of the current nursing shortage


  • analyse the work satisfaction, engagement and intention to leave among academically qualified nurses (Bachelor of Science in Nursing [BSN], Master of Science in Nursing [MSN], and sub-group of Advanced Practice Nurses [APN]) compared with diploma-level nurses,
  • identify associations at the individual and hospital levels with academically qualified nurses’ satisfaction,
  • perform an in-depth analysis of hospitals’ measures on recruitment and retention (R&R) for academically qualified nurses with a focus on implementation barriers and facilitators.


Methods: Mixed methods, qualitative (interviews) and quantitative (cross-sectional survey) design

Duration: 2021 to 2024

Funding: BMBF – Federal Ministry of Education and Research