Architecture Theory

Lectures Winter Semester 2023/24

Architecture Theory I (Prof. Dr. Jörg Gleiter)

Architecture Theory I (Prof. Dr. Jörg Gleiter)

Architecture Theory I / Prof. Dr. Jörg Gleiter
Theory and History of Architecture 3/6 ETCS

Architectural theory is a profoundly modern concern. Architecture's need for critical-theoretical reflection on its cultural foundations results directly from the particular developmental dynamics of modernity. With the emergence of new materials (steel, concrete, glass), new technologies (machine, photo, film, computer, smartphone) and new social orders, architecture can no longer unquestioningly borrow its orienting standards from the models of past eras in order to cope with its cultural tasks. Since everything is constantly in motion and changing, it must constantly redefine its goals, means and methods. This is particularly evident in the transition from manual to machine production in the 19th century, as well as today at the turn from the analogue to the digital age. Therefore: architectural theory is the medium of reflection on the being-made as well as the being-made of architecture and on its cultural function in the respective, changing cultural field of forces.

The lecture is intended as an introduction to architectural theory as the instance of critical reflection that inquires into the foundations of architecture as a sensual-aesthetic experience, as a constructive reality and social system of reference in the respective cultural field of forces. It is intended as an introduction to the philosophical, aesthetic, psychological, social, perceptual, etc. foundations of architecture. Fundamentals of architecture. With the necessary historical deepening, an overview of the most important theoretical positions, their deficits and failures since the end of the 18th century until today will be given. 

Lecturer: Prof. Dr. Jörg Gleiter

Time: Wed. 16:00 - 18:00 hrs
Location: A 151 
First date: 16.10.2023, 16:00 hrs

Registration: isis.tu-berlin.de/course/view.php

Seminars Winter Semester 2023/34

Typologies of Transformation (Prof. Dr. Jörg Gleiter)

Typologies of Transformation / Prof. Dr. Jörg Gleiter
Architectural Theory/ Philosophy - 3/6 ETCS

A city is made of buildings, which are repeatedly reconverted an readapted to new uses. Form persists, function changes. The seminar investigates architecture, which underwent categorical changes of functional type. How do inherited buildings enrich their new uses? This can happen thanks to the cultural significance, which the reused building accumulated through its former functions. How was the new use type changed or innovated when adapted to the inherited dwelling? The reused architecture is authentically there and in situ, its historic significance is perceivable. How does this material continuity give meaning to the new function? The seminar dwells on historic and current typological concepts and from there explores type as a model of change.

Lecturer: Prof. Dr Jörg Gleiter 

Time: Tue. 16:00 - 18:00 
Location: A 053
Only for students of M-Arch-T!

 

Type and Modell II (Prof. Dr. Jörg Gleiter)

Type and Modell II (Prof. Dr. Jörg Gleiter)

Type and Modell II / Prof. Dr. Jörg Gleiter
Semiotic Analysis of Architecture - 3/6 ETCS

Beyond their functional, design, and material aspects, types constitute the basic elements of a language of architecture. Like the tropes and figures of speech in rhetoric, types are semiotic devices of the language of architecture. At the very least types have a narrative function as they tell us something about the time, purposes, customs, expediency and culture in general. With types, architecture leaves the realm of the elite codification of its sign system (style, history etc.). How does architecture speak through typology? How is meaning created through types? And in the first place, what does it mean if we talk of the language of architecture? How can architecture be meaningful at all? What is meant if we refer to architecture as language? The seminar is a basic introduction into architectural semiotics. Focusing on aspects of semiotics, rhetoric and language the seminar seeks to free typology from the hardened image of cataloged, formulaic knowledge and functionalist compartmentalization with the aim of casting a critical eye on the clichés and stereotypes that have been hardened in the debates surrounding postmodernism and the digital.

Lecturer: Prof. Dr. Jörg Gleiter

Time: Mo., 6:00 pm - 8:00 pm
Location: A 201a 
First session: 16.10.2023, 6:00 pm

Enrollment: MTS in Moses / ISIS

ISIS-Link: https://isis.tu-berlin.de/course/view.php?id=36160

Aesthetics Introduction I (Prof. Dr. Jörg Gleiter)

Aesthetics Introduction I (Prof. Dr. Jörg Gleiter)

Aesthetics Introduction I: 15 Theses on Sustainability / Prof. Dr. Jörg Gleiter
Architectural Theory/ Philsophy I - 3 ETCS

From the perspective of sustainability, this seminar offers an introduction to aesthetics. Aesthetics is the great neglected side of debates on sustainability, where it is largely reduced to instrumental reason and certified technology. But what is meant by aesthetics? What does it mean exactly? Since 1750, one has spoken of aesthetics as the science of sensual cognition, as opposed to mathematical or cognitive cognition. In this sense, aesthetics has nothing to do with beauty as such, but rather, by means of sensual experience, primarily with man's knowledge of himself and his relationship to the earth. In this way, even the ugly, the deficient and the dysfunctional can make knowledge possible. An ethical imperative always resonates: What we should do or better refrain from doing, so that "our actions are compatible with the permanence of genuine human life on earth" (Hans Jonas).

The seminar is designed as a lecture. Performance requirement: Regular attendance and an article (2 pages) written by Chat GPT on a key aesthetic concept and a personal commentary (2 pages) on it. Guaranteed grade between 1.0 - 1.7. The lecture will be continued in summer semester 2024.

Lecturer: Prof. Dr. Jörg Gleiter 

Time: Mon. 12:00 - 14:00 hrs
Place: A 053
First date: 16.10.23

Registration: https://isis.tu-berlin.de/course/view.php?id=36153

Academic Working (Prof. Dr. Jörg Gleiter)

Academic Working (Prof. Dr. Jörg Gleiter)

Academic Working / Prof. Dr. Jörg Gleiter
Architectural Theory - 3/9 ETCS

In the course Acadamic Working, students acquire competences in the development of knowledge and its systematic verification. In addition to the artistic-technical competences, they acquire the ability to independently conceive scientific research work, to carry out research work and to apply this knowledge in accordance with scientific standards.

and to present this knowledge in written and graphic form in accordance with scientific standards. The course Scientific Work is taught in equal parts by the subject areas Building and Urban Construction History, Planning and Architectural Sociology, Historical Building Research and Architectural Theory.

Lecturer: Prof. Dr. Jörg Gleiter 

Time: Wed. 08:00 - 10:00 
Place: A 053
First date: Wed. 18.10.2023, 08:00 - 10:00

Registration: https://isis.tu-berlin.de/enrol/index.php?id=36200

Experiment Leistung (Dr. Lidia Gasperoni)

Experiment Leistung (Dr. Lidia Gasperoni)

Experiment Leistung / Dr Lidia Gasperoni
Architectural Theory/ Philosophy II - 3 ETCS

In this time of rethinking human intervention on the planet, it is precisely the expansion of standardised performance and critical reflection on the usability of Leistung that are closely linked. How does this transformation occur in architectural practice? What do architects achieve? And how do they change the economic link between performance and remuneration? The ethnographic exploration and documentation of this experimental knowledge are at the centre of the practice-oriented seminar EXPERIMENT LEISTUNG in cooperation with the DAZ and architectural offices.

Lecturer: Dr. Lidia Gasperoni

Time: Tue 10:00 - 12:00 
Place: A 201a
First date: 17.10.2023, 10:00 a.m.

Registration: https://isis.tu-berlin.de/enrol/index.php?id=36150

Technofeminism (Dr. Sandra Meireis)

Technofeminism (Dr. Sandra Meireis)

Technofeminism - the Architectural Dimension / Dr. Sandra Meireis
Architectural Theory I - 3 ETCS

In order to fathom the connection between technical progress and social power relations in the field of architecture, it makes sense to take a closer look at the diversity of the concept of feminism (in four waves) in addition to relevant questions of techno-philosophy. In addition to bourgeois, radical and queer positions, ecofeminist and technofeminist demands on society are also made. The latter is the focus here. In the seminar, the concept of technofeminism (called cyberfeminism in the 1990s) will be introduced and examined in terms of its architectural or spatial dimension. Using texts by central authors such as Donna Haraway, Rosi Braidotti, Judy Wajcman and Caroline Criado Perez, we will focus on gender-specific, ethnicising and racialising prejudices that are inscribed in supposedly neutral technologies. This concerns the digitally permeated spheres of housing and public life and the discipline of architecture as a working environment for FLINTA* in the global North just as much as the materiality of digital capitalism and the associated exploitation of female labour and natural resources in the global South.

Lecturer: Dr. Sandra Meireis

Time: Block seminar 8.-10.01.24 + 15.-17.01.24
Location: tba 
First date: Preliminary discussion (online): tba

Registration: https://isis.tu-berlin.de/course/view.php?id=36154

Affordances of Architectural Typology (Prof. Dr. Jörg Gleiter, Prof. Gennaro Postiglione PhD)

Affordances of Architectural Typology (Prof. Dr. Jörg Gleiter, Prof. Gennaro Postiglione PhD)

Affordances of Architectural Typology: Architecture Beyond Function
Prof. Dr. Jörg Gleiter/ Prof. Gennaro Postiglione PhD
Architecture Theory I - 3 ETCS

Affordances of Architectural Typology is a design and drawing-based research activity that seeks to explore and further define strategies that target resilient buildings that are nonetheless thoroughly architectural in nature. Borrowing the key term of James J. Gibson’s ecological psychology: “affordance is equally a fact of the environment and behaviour. It is both physical and psychical, yet neither. An affordance points both ways, to the environment and the observer.“ In Architecture, we understand Affordances as the composition and layout of a building that directly impacts what it can afford. The correlation of Architectural Typologies with Affordances is thus an index of longevity, as it illustrates how a building adapts to or enables different uses and habitation over time.

The central thesis (and architectural ambition) of the course is thus to show that the degree of typological spatial determination of a building is directly related to its degree of affordances and, therefore, of resilience.

Lecturers: Prof. Dr. Jörg Gleiter, Prof. Gennaro Postiglione PhD

Time: Block seminar in November: tba
Location: tba
First session: 16.10.2023, 09:00 – 11:00 am, 
online – Link tba on ISIS 

ISIS-Link: https://isis.tu-berlin.de/course/view.php?id=36152